Egypt: Mainstream Biodiversity Into Tourism Development


This 4-year project is designed to mainstream biodiversity into the Egyptian tourism sector and government. It comes at a critical time in Egypt’s recent history with the political changes that are currently underway to make government institutions more accountable and to develop the economy, both of which are resulting in considerable changes in the way that both tourism and biodiversity resources may be managed in the future.  Therefore, the project will work on two levels:

  • The first level will engage directly with the industry and government to fill gaps in the existing planning and regulatory framework, namely a Strategic Environmental Assessment to identify key areas, habitats and ecological processes and assess their vulnerability and guidelines for the existing EIA regulations specific to biodiversity and linked to an offsetting mechanism and developing a monitoring program to track the impacts of tourism on biodiversity for conservation management purposes.
  • The second level will engage the tourism industry by developing Responsible Tourism Grading and promoting Egypt as a global destination for ecotourism and developing community-based systems to allow those closest to the resources to benefit and manage them sustainably.

The project will also create one new protected area and increase the size of two more while building management capacity and developing these and four more protected areas for sustainable tourism. All of these areas are currently under threat from tourism development. Because of the uncertainty and dynamic nature of the challenge and because the tourism industry faces an adaptive challenge and to a lesser extent a technical challenge, the project will be guided by a scenario planning exercise as a means to bring about the individual and institutional behavioral changes and to ensure that the project is highly adaptive.



Project start date:

January 2019

Estimated end date:

December 2023

Focus area:

  • eradicate poverty in all its forms and dimensions
  • Project office:

    UNDP in Egypt

    Implementing partner:

    Egyptian Environmental Affairs

    Full project information  

    Funding Support by

    Donor name

  • United Nations Development Pro
  • Global Environment Fund Truste
  • Egypt - Ministry Of State For Environmental Affairs
  • Amount contributed


    Delivery in previous fiscal year

    2021 $417,770

    2020 $511,275

    2019 $268,024

    Expected Outcomes

    The project objective is: “To mainstream biodiversity conservation into tourism sector development and operations in ecologically important and sensitive areas”, The project will contribute to the GEF Biodiversity Strategic Objective 2 "Mainstream biodiversity conservation and sustainable use into production landscapes, seascapes, and sectors”, specifically Outcome 2.2: “Measures to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity incorporated in policy and regulatory frameworks”.

    The project also advances Biodiversity Strategic Objective 1 “Improve sustainability of protected area systems”, specifically Outcome 1.1: “Improved management effectiveness of existing and new protected areas”.


    Project Document

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