Mainstreaming Conservation of Migratory Soaring Birds into Key Productive Sectors

What is the project about?

 UNDP 2013

In collaboration with the BirdLife International, and the United Nations Development Programme, the Ministry of Environment is currently implementing a project to protect the migratory soaring birds in their journey to the countries. This project aims to mainstream conservation of migratory soaring birds into the key productive sector along the Rift Valley/Red sea flyway, these sectors are; energy, agriculture, hunting and waste management.

This project is funded by Global Environment Facility; funded technical provision will include ensuring that the eco-tourism framework accounts for “flyway friendly” issues at regulatory, financial, marketing, and management support levels; including Migratory Soaring Birds concerns as part of ecotourism branding; developing training modules and delivering training on such concerns for the ecotourism sector; including solid waste management systems at the design and implementation levels; introducing “flyway friendly” considerations into environmental assessments of energy components of the project; undertaking capacity needs assessment and delivery of training related to Migratory Soaring Birds for concerned stakeholders; undertaking monitoring and surveys and establishing an migratory-bird-related database; and awareness-raising related to Migratory Soaring Birds.

What have we accomplished so far?

Energy Sector: The corner stone to achieve mainstreaming concept inside the NREA was the signed MoU between EEAA and NREA to establish a frame work between the governmental bodies.

The achievements of this MoU are:

  • Develop EIA guidelines and Monitoring protocols for the wind farm projects along the fly way.
  • The Gabel-al-Zayt wind farm project funded by kfw is another clear vehicle project.
  • Develop a standardized protocol for shutdown on demand for Gabel el Zait wind farm.
  • Develop shutdown on demand criteria for the Gabel el Zait area taking into account the species that migrate through this area, the species conservation status in a global and regional level the number of birds of each species, the proportion of birds that use the Rift Valley / Red Sea flyway that migrate through the area and the proportion of the global population that migrate through the area;
  • Using radar and shutdown in demand system in a new project at Gabel Al-Zayt (In progress)
  • Post construction monitoring at Gabel al-Zayt wind farm (Spring 2014) on going activity (Approved by EEAA, NREA and KFW)
  • Develop the soaring legend documentary as a tool to raise public awareness among the target sectors.
  • Develop sensitivity map for Egypt through the regional component of the project as a practical tool to identify the sensitive areas for MSB.

Who finances this project?

The Global Environment Facility (GEF)

Delivery in previous fiscal year


US$ 74,254.71


  • The Rift Valley/Red Sea flyway is the second most important flyway for Migratory Soaring Birds in the world and the most important route of the Africa-Eurasia flyway system. Over 1.2 million birds of prey and 300,000 storks migrate along this corridor between their breeding grounds in Europe and West Asia and wintering areas in Africa each year.
  • Populations of many globally threatened and vulnerable Migratory Soaring Birds are threatened by anthropogenic activities during their seasonal migrations along the Rift Valley/Red Sea flyway.
  • The project serves as a major link between the energy and biodiversity sectors in Egypt. With Egypt planning to expand renewable energy generation, which includes wind, there is a strong need to ensure that due consideration is given to the location of the wind turbines, so that not only are they placed in areas of optimal amounts of wind, but that they are not placed in locations which intersect the pathways of Migratory Soaring Birds.

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