Sustainable Transport

What is this project about?


The project aims to reduce energy consumption's growth and related greenhouse gas emissions of Egypt's transport sector, while simultaneously mitigating the local environmental and other problems of increasing traffic such as deteriorated urban air quality and congestion by:

  1. Initiating the concept for the development of new, integrated  transport services for Greater Cairo and its satellite cities on the basis of public-private partnerships;
  2. Promoting non-motorized transport in medium sized provincial cities; 
  3. Introducing new traffic demand management measures;
  4. Improving the energy efficiency of freight transport; and
  5. Enhancing the awareness and capacity of local professionals on different aspect of sustainable transport and strengthening the institutional basis to promote sustainable transport during and after the project.

What have we accomplished so far?

  • A protocol for implementing the pilot project has been prepared and signed between the Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Housing, Utilities and Urban Communities, Ministry of Environment, and Giza Governorate.
  • Two pilot networks along 6 main corridors with a total length of about 14 km in each of Fayoum and Shebin El-Kom Cities are under implementation. Along these corridors, separate lane for cycling shall be constructed, and urban upgrading (enhancement) for the sidewalks shall be conducted to make it more attractive for the pedestrians. 
  • Variable sign message system has been installed around city center in Cairo to direct car drivers to vacant places in multi-level parking areas.
  • Full designs for high-quality bus services to outlying suburbs of Cairo and feeder bus services to Cairo Metro stations have been completed.
  • Determination of emission factors for certain car and taxi models in an urban setting has been complete. These emission factors are essential inputs into a national sustainable transport policy. This is the first such activity in Egypt.

Who finances this project?

Global Environment Facility (GEF)

The Government of Egypt

The United Nations Development Programme

Delivery in previous fiscal year

$ 478,922 (2014)


  • Egypt’s primary energy consumption has grown at an average annual rate of 4.6%, primarily from rapid urbanization and associated increases in demand for electricity and transport services.
  • Growing fuel subsidies that are equivalent to USD 20 billion in 2011, estimated to be 20% of Egypt’s state budget and 10% of its GDP exacerbate problems in Egypt’s energy sector. Reduction of such fuel subsidies in Egypt is a sensitive issue that has proven difficult to fully implement.
  • Challenge to simultaneously address rapidly increasing domestic energy demands; declining domestic production of fossil fuels; increasing prices of imported fuels; severe traffic congestion which has further deteriorated the quality of urban life in Egypt; and an increasing awareness of the relationship between fossil fuel consumption and the local and global environments.
  • Government has been clear on it intent to gradually remove fuel subsidies.  This sets the stage for implementing sustainable transport pilots, recognized by government as high priority and as alternatives to mitigate the impact of reduced fuel subsidies as well as improving urban mobility and environmental quality.

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