Empowering Young Women in Upper Egypt: ENID’s work in Qena


Saaeda Atta Ahmed thought her destiny was set in stone as a young women living in a poor rural village of Upper Egypt. But with education and training provided by UNDP, she now envisions a different future.

Saaeda, like so many others, had to drop out from school, since education is still considered a luxury for girls in the region. In rural Upper Egypt, there remains a significantly high rate of out-of-school students and a large gender gap in education. Recent surveys show that some 22.1% of young women aged 10-29 have not had an opportunity of a proper education (ENID Case Study 9). The village Saaeda lives in has only one primary school and no institute for secondary education or vocational training. Without a proper education, young women like Saaeda become one of the most disadvantaged groups in rural Egypt. They are more likely to continue to work in poorly paid farms, to be married off early, and to face greater risks in nutrition, health and overall wellbeing. It seemed like an impossible task for women like Saaeda to escape a life of poverty.


  • ENID adopts a Local Economic Development (LED) approach in Upper Egypt
  • ENID carries out vocation training and job creation activities in 21 villages in Qena
  • ENID introduced a ‘One Product, One Village’ model in 8 villages
  • ENID published 13 policy briefs and 9 case studies

But with a turn of events, Saaeda has found another path. Hope came when the Egypt Network for Integrated Development (ENID) partnered with a local NGO to provide literacy and skill training for drop out girls in their village of el Makhzan. She enrolled in the literacy class for 9 months with 24 girls. Following the literacy class, they are now enrolled in a vocational training course to teach girls how to sew garments. After their training of some 10 months, Saaeda and her colleagues hope to find jobs in the garment industry or become trainers themselves for girls facing similar conditions.

“The course will enable me to produce and sell. And I think that great things will happen in my life now. I hope to continue working with the local NGO to help increase my experience and train more in marketing. If I cannot work with the NGO, I will buy a machine and start to work by myself at home.” Saaeda says.

ENID’s innovation in this project was to link literacy education with vocational training to ensure a strong incentive for women to enrol in the course and become literate. Literacy is not only a human right, but it also enhances the potential for success in finding a job and starting a business. There are still many challenges that Saaeda would have to face, but ENID’s literacy and skills training for young women have given her a better perspective on how she can shape her life going forward.

As its name suggests, ENID is by essence a network that partners with various actors at the local, national and international levels to boost Egypt’s productivity and employment opportunities, to provide basic services to the poor and link local practices with research and policy making at the national level. ENID was first set up in mid-2012 by UNDP with generous support and cooperation from national and international partners to support integrated development in the most vulnerable regions in Egypt, with a special focus on women and youth. Since its inception, ENID has focused its work on supporting integrated development in the governorate of Qena. Located along the upper Nile River, Qena is one of the most disadvantaged governorates in Egypt with more than half of its population (58%) living below the national poverty line. Moreover, some 34.5% of the population in Qena are illiterate and around 13.5% are struggling to find a job (CAPMAS 2013, ENID 2012).

To boost development in Qena, ENID has started vocational training and jobs creation projects in 21 villages. It also has opened up youth centres, preschools and a mobile health unit in the most disadvantaged villages of the region. Furthermore, the Network has drawn on these local practices to shape policies at the local and national levels by issuing some 9 case studies and 13 policy beliefs on subjects ranging from promotion of Egypt’s ready-made garment industry to improving sanitation in rural Egypt. Moving forward, ENID has announced 2014 to be a “year of implementation,” which will draw on its past studies and experiences. It has also expanded its operation to the neighbouring governorate of Luxor and hopes to go further to reach all the southern governorates of Egypt. Through its extensive networks and innovative approach, ENID is providing much needed support for the women, youth and local communities of the Upper Egypt region.

The UNDP/ENID Projects is implemented through generous contributions from the UK Department for International Development (DFID), Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), Sawiris Foundation for Social Development, Rockefeller Brothers Foundation, Italian Development Cooperation and UN Women.


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