Our Perspective

      • Sustainability must combine environmental concerns with poverty reduction | George Bouma

        12 Jun 2013

        Addressing poverty-environment issues is essential for achieving sustainable development. Above, children in Rwanda. (Photo: PEI)

        With 2015 around the corner, one question dominates the global development agenda: what will replace the Millennium Development Goals? Twelve years on from the historic Millennium Declaration, indicators show that our failure to protect our environmental systems is undermining much of the progress that has been made in helping the world’s poorest communities. The stories from around the globe are all too familiar. Small-holder farmers in Tanzania have been suffering smaller yields as a result of soil degradation; communities in Bangladesh are struggling to cope with increasingly erratic weather conditions as a result of climate change; indigenous peoples in Latin America and South-East Asia are searching for alternative livelihoods where high levels of deforestation have robbed them of their principal economic assets. It is now clear that the post-2015 agenda must tackle the relationship between poverty and sustainability if it is to bring about long-lasting change. Efforts to bring the three strands of sustainable development (social, environmental and economic) into a single policy lens have a long history, dating back to the 1980s and ranging up to more recent Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers. Despite progress in many areas, such plans have struggled to bring about enduring and institutional change. Often, internationalRead More

      • The world’s two top economic powers turn to an emerged Latin America | Heraldo Muñoz

        07 Jun 2013

        Participants in a micro-credit and skill-training programme in Bolivia tend to a sweet-onion harvest. Programmes like this one have helped thousands in Latin America emerge from extreme poverty. (Photo: UNDP Bolivia/Bolivia Produce)

        In the last six weeks, United States President Barack Obama, Vice President Joe Biden and President of China Xi Jinping all have visited Latin America and the Caribbean. Far from being a coincidence, the leaders of the world’s first and second largest economies are turning to a transformed Latin America and the Caribbean—defined increasingly by opportunity, growth, democracy and optimism. Yes, it’s the economy. In 2012, U.S. exports to the Caribbean, South and Central America totaled $205 billion, compared to $110 billion in exports to China. US exports to Mexico alone reached $216 billion last year. The bottom line is that Latin America has already emerged—and is not tied to any particular external partner. Brazil is the world’s seventh-largest economy; Argentina, Brazil and Mexico hold seats in the G-20; Chile and Mexico have joined developed countries in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).   Over the last decade, it has become a region of middle-income countries growing faster than the global average, reducing trade deficits thanks to a commodities boom , improved investments—and to growing domestic markets. The region has lifted 58 million people out of poverty and into the middle class since 2002. And despite some setbacks, theRead More

      • Gearing up to support national transformation in Myanmar | Toily Kurbanov

        07 Jun 2013

        Micro-financed projects in Bangan Townships, Myanmar. (Photo: Mark Garten/UN Photo)

        After two decades of restricted operations and 18 months of unprecedented and ongoing national reform, UNDP — along with our partners and other international organizations such as the World Bank — is now poised to help Myanmar lift itself out of widespread poverty and isolation following 18 months of unprecedented opening and reform.   The road ahead is long and filled with challenges, but the promise and potential—given Myanmar’s large, young population, vast natural resources, strategic position next to emerging economies of China, India and South East Asia, and strong commitment to reform—are encouraging.   UNDP has worked in Myanmar since the 1960s, but in 1993 our mandate was restricted to interventions at the grassroots level, sidestepping the regime. We helped communities directly with livelihood support and infrastructure projects, such as building hurricane-resistant housing.   Now we’re engaging the government to help sustain the momentum behind its political and socio-economic reforms.   Our new country programme includes a major focus on responsive, transparent, democratic governance—a central component of UNDP’s work worldwide—in three priority areas.   The first supports institutional strengthening of local governments and civil society, while providing livelihood support and poverty reduction in border and ceasefire areas.   The second comprisesRead More

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