UNDP and the UN System
The UN Family in Egypt
UNDP has actively sought to develop partnerships with other members of the UN Family in Egypt. UN co-ordination has been strengthened and the UN Country Team has been involved in a number of joint inter-agency exercises such as the production of the Common Country Assessment and the UN Development Assistance Framework. In one example of UN collaboration, Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) rates continue declining, with a 13% decline according to the latest Health and Demographic Survey, thanks to programmes such as the FGM Abandonment and Family Empowerment Joint Programme, implemented by the National Population Council (NPC) in cooperation with UNICEF, UNDP, UNFPA, UN Women, the General Federation of NGOs, as well as civil society organizations.
With regard to decision-making within the UNDP Egypt Country Office, the Resident Representative is officially accredited to the country and represents the highest level of accountability of the UNDP in Egypt. The Resident Representative delegates authority to various levels of management such as the Country Director. Decisions in the office are made by various bodies in UNDP, including the Middle Management Group for setting the direction of the UNDP programme priorities, and the Programme and Operations Teams focusing respectively on project management and financial and human resources.
Development Partners Group
n the late 1990s, the UN Resident Coordinator launched a platform for policy dialogue and information exchange among donor agencies and organizations providing official development assistance.
In 2009, the group was renamed the “Development Partners Group” to reflect the shift from the concept of ‘aid’ to that of ‘partnership’, according to the principles of the 2005 Paris Declaration on Aid Harmonisation and Effectiveness and 2008 Accra Agenda for Action, The 2011 Busan Partnership for effective development reiterated ad refined the principle of ownership, alignment and mutual accountability.
The Development Partners Group aims to enhance coordination among Development Partners in through consultation, cooperation and collaboration, on policies, principles and priorities; procedures, and practices, as appropriate. The group has three main objectives: a) Development coordination and effectiveness, b) Learning and c) Building partnerships.
The Development Partners Group is currently composed of 26 bilateral partners and 21 multilateral organizations, contributing with official development assistance.
The bilateral partners are: Australia; Austria; Belgium; Canada; Chile; Denmark, Estonia; Finland; France (Embassy and Agence Française de Développement - AFD); Germany (Embassy, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit - GIZ and Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau - KFW); Italy; Japan (Embassy and Japanese International Cooperation Agency - JICA); Korea (Korea International Cooperation Agency - KOICA); Mexico; New Zealand; Norway; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland (Swiss Office for International Cooperation); The Netherlands; United Kingdom, and the USA (United States Agency for International Development - USAID).
Multilateral organizations are: African Development Bank; European Union Delegation; European Investment Bank (EIB); European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD); Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO); International Finance Cooperation (IFC); Islamic Development Bank (IsDB); International Labour Organisation (ILO); International Monetary Fund (IMF); International Organisation for Migration (IOM); United Nations Development Programme (UNDP); United Nations Fund for Population Fund (UNFPA); UNHABITAT; United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR); United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO); United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC); UN Women; World Food Programme (WFP); World Health Organisation (WHO); and the World Bank (WB). In addition the Ford Foundation and the Population Council are partners of the group.
How it works
The group is chaired by the UN Resident Coordinator and co-chaired by representatives of one bilateral or multilateral organization, selected by the members of the Development Partners Group. From 2013 to last February, the Swiss Office for International Cooperation co-chairs the platform. Currently Canada is co-chairing. The UN Coordination Office in Cairo has traditionally provided the Development Partners Group with a Secretariat to support all of the group’s activities. Meetings are held bi-monthly and ad hoc meetings are organized upon members’ request.
In addition to monthly and ad-hoc meetings, there are also the following 13 thematic groups: Agriculture and Rural Development, Education and Human Resource Development; Environment and Energy; Democratic Governance; Gender and Development; Health; Macroeconomics and Public Finance Management; Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises; Migration and Protection; Transport; Social Protection; and Urban Development; Water.
The aim of these thematic groups is to facilitate information sharing and coordination among development partners based in Egypt supporting the sectors outlined above. Also, one of the main functions of the theme groups is to regularly discuss progress and challenges in the specific area with line ministry representatives. Theme groups are requested to prepare a simple annual work that identifies its key deliverable(s) for the coming year, and then to report back to the Plenary on progress by using the same template and also by presenting at plenary sessions.
Since the aid effectiveness movement picked up steam with the 2005 Paris Declaration, the DAG (and now the DPG) mandates began to embrace aid effectiveness, including better coordination of policy and programme activities among partners in development and, more recently, through the establishment of a mutual accountability system with the Government of Egypt.
The DPG is also following-up on the recommendations highlighted by the 2008 Accra Third High-Level Forum, taking into account the specific development situation in Egypt. In this regard, the DPG Chair led the drafting of the “Cairo Agenda for Action on Aid Effectiveness” in mid-2009 in consultation with the DPG and the Ministry of International Cooperation. During 2012 particular attention will be given to the recommendations derived from the Fourth High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness (HLF-4) that took place from 29 November to 1 December 2011 in Busan, Korea, concluding the OECD/DAC-led process on aid effectiveness launched by the Rome (2003) and Paris (2005) declarations, and followed by the Accra Agenda for Action (2008).
The Paris Declaration Monitoring Survey (PDMS) was rolled out in the first trimester of 2011, taking stock of progress made through 2010. With the participation of Egypt’s Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation (MoPIC), and in liaison with the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the DPG has taken stock of progress on the aid harmonization agenda by participating in the 2006, 2008 and 2011 Paris Declaration Monitoring Surveys (PDMS). Further analysis of the results of the PDMS for Egypt will be conducted in 2012 with the objective of outlining concrete steps towards improved development effectiveness in Egypt. This is in line with the Busan declaration in which it was agreed that “at the level of individual developing countries, [countries would] agree on frameworks based on national needs and priorities for monitoring progress and promoting mutual accountability in our efforts to improve the effectiveness of our co-operation and, in turn, development results. Developing countries will lead in the elaboration of such frameworks which, together with any indicators and targets agreed, will respond to their specific needs and will be grounded in their aid and development policies. The results of these exercises will be made public”.
The Private Sector
Apart from the success of our partnership with the Government, the UNDP Country Office in Egypt has managed to forge close links with the private sector. We plan to further reinforce this partnership with the business community especially in the IT sector (e.g. ICT Trust Fund will be instrumental to this effect) and environmental programmes. In addition, UNDP intends to establish a new partnership with research institutes to set-up an Internet portal on the economic empowerment of women, which will be linked to the website of the National Council for Women (NCW).