Solid Waste Management in Minya Governorate - Phase II

What is this project about?

Egypt Solid Waste Management

The first phase of the project has established an independent SWM Organizational Structure in Minya Governorate - as a pilot project for other rural governorates – and developed an integrated plan for solid waste management in Minya Governorate. The second phase of this project consists of three components:

1-      Establish a waste composting plant – based on Italian Technology which is appropriate to the Egyptian Conditions - in one of the Matai Markazes of Minya governorate (Matai is the proposed location of the composting plant) where organic waste will be turned into high quality fine compost, the possible Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) is extracted to be sold to the Cement Plants which are located/adjacent to  Minya Governorates, and the secondary materials will be sorted and sold to waste dealers for further recycling processes.

2-      Establish two Transfer Stations in two other Markazes which are bordering Matai (Beni Mazar from the north and Samalut for the south), to transfer waste generated from the two markazes to the composting plant.

3-      Establish a Sanitary Landfill for the remaining rejects to be disposed of finally on a sanitary base, and remediate and upgrade three open public dumps.

What have we accomplished so far?

Introduce advanced technology regarding composting of municipal waste – and hopefully agricultural waste – of Samalut, Matai and Beni Mazar cities. This aims at producing compost with better quality and lesser reject in order to achieve economical sustainability.

Established an Italian Egyptian Composting Plant (in Matai Markaz), where it will turn mainly municipal waste – and possibly agricultural waste – into compost. This requires – for the reason of the economical sustainability –  to collect the municipal waste which is generating from Beni Mazar and Samalut cities as well, where this requires erecting two mobile Transfer Stations in both cities. Hence Matai is selected as it has the shortest distances with the other two cities among the other cities in Minya Governorate. A Controlled Dump will be erected in order to bury the plant rejects – even if part of this reject id sold to CEMEX (Assiut Cement Plant" as an RDF (Refuse Derived Fuel). Closing the current open public dumps in Samalut and Beni Mazar will be carried out directly after the operation of the composting plant, in order to minimize waste exposure to people and to open air, and so upgrade the environmental conditions

Following are the activities which are already covered/ongoing in this phase to present:

  • Establish the PSU, and recruit its staff.
  • Select and legalize the project location and area in Helwa Village / Matai Markaz.
  • Select the national and international consultants.
  • Finalize the technical studies relevant to EIA (for the composting plant), the hydro-geological study for the site location.
  • Finalize the field experiments regarding the nature of the incoming waste and its physical and chemical properties.
  • Finalize the technical specs and engineering drawings of the civil works of the plant.
  • Selecting the national contractor for establishing the civil works of the plant (2 weeks max from now).
  • Finalizing the EIA study for the Sanitary Landfill (the study is already finished a week ago and the approval from EEAA may take 4 weeks).
  • Selecting the appropriate Italian technology for the composting facility.
  • Starting the first set of Public Awareness Campaign in the urban and rural areas of the target cities (the plan is already finished and its budget is already allocated but it will start once the political conditions is calmed down).

Who finances this project?

Egyptian Italian Debt for Development SWAP

Delivery in previous fiscal year


US$ 192,051.27


  • In line with the National Environmental Action Plan (2002-2017) and the National Strategy for Integrated Municipal Solid Waste Management – the project will implement an effective solid waste management strategy in El Minya Governorate which will strengthen the technical, financial and organizational structure of the current waste management system in Minya. The plans of such a strategy were completed in the pilot phase of the project from 2005 to 2007.
  • To address the multiple policy and technical challenges, the Project’s main objective is to enhance the capacity of Minya Governorate in solid waste management in sustainable manner by providing technical assistance, staff training, equipment and support for existing physical facilities at the local and governorate level of waste management.
  • The first phase of the project has developed an integrated plan for solid waste management in Minya Governorate.
  • The project’s output is to develop a sustainable model for systematic approach to solid waste management in Minya Governorate.

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