The Egypt Network for Integrated Development (ENID)

What is the project about?

An instructor explaining to a group of women how to start their own businesses
UNDP/Jose Sanchez

The Egypt Network for Integrated Development (ENID) launched in 2012 is a project with the Ministry of International Cooperation to respond to the increasing needs of the poor and vulnerable in Egypt by introducing an area-based integrated approach to local economic and social development. The project currently focuses on Qena, where the poverty rate is 58%, one of the highest in the country, where 34.5% of the population are illiterate and 13.5% are without jobs. ENID carried out needs assessments of over 30 villages and used the poverty map developed by the Social Fund for Development to identify the communities with the greatest needs and opportunities.

Global experiences have shown that applying an integrated approach combining economic, social and environmental interventions in a specific location can maximise development impact. ENID has adopted this multi-dimensional approach to villages in Qena linking jobs, skills training, food security and services. While introducing global best practices such as the One-Village-One-Product model from Japan and handicraft development experience from India, the project also identifies local solutions for local problems, cooperating with local universities, research institutes and government offices.

What have we accomplished so far?

  • The ENID project works currently in 35 villages in Qena in the areas of basic services, manufacturing and agriculture and has plans to expand interventions to more villages throughout Upper Egypt.
  • A total of 2,135 young women and men have benefited through ENID’s training and 573 people have been employed through ENID’s activities.
  • ENID has made 33 protocols with local NGOs and Community Development Organisations by 2014 in the areas of services, manufacturing and agriculture. It also partners extensively with the national and local governments in these sectors to ensure sustainability and scalability of their interventions.
  • In basic services, ENID is providing innovative joint literacy and sewing classes, has opened kindergartens, provided health services and upgraded the operations and curriculum of youth centres in Qena.
  • In manufacturing, ENID has implemented the One-Village-One-Product model in 18 villages in Qena to promote handicraft and cottage industry development, upgraded the technical, vocational education and training (TVET) programmes and supported the industrial cluster development in Upper Egypt.
  • In agriculture, ENID has introduced sustainable agricultural practices in Upper Egypt including crop residue recycling, community milk processing and backyard poultry rising. It has also facilitated the changes in farming practices by organising farmers field schools (FFS) where farmers actively participate in the capacity building process and identify local solutions for local challenges.
  • ENID links its field projects with the policies and programmes at the national level through its policy and advocacy programmes. To date, ENID has produced 25 policy briefs and 15 case studies in its various sectors. All of ENID’s knowledge products can be found on its website
  • ENID organised its Second Annual Conference in February 2015 under the title of ‘A Story of Development from Upper Egypt’ in Qena, bringing together over 300 participants, including several ministers, the Governor of Qena, senior local administrative staff, local NGOs, representatives from the villages of Qena, as well as a number of international donors. Following the first meeting in December 2013, the conference provided an opportunity to showcase ENID’s accomplishments and discuss future partnerships to sustain and scale up ENID’s activities going forward.

Who finances this project?

UK Department for International Development (DFID)

Rockefeller Brothers Foundation

Sawiris Foundation for Social Development

Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA)

Government of Italy

UN Women


Delivery in previous fiscal year

US$ 1,309,223.00 (2014)

Project Overview
Project Start Date
Estimated End Date
Geographic Coverage
Focus Area
Poverty Reduction
Project Officer
Nahla Zeitoun
Ministry of International Cooperation