Sustainable Transport

What is this project about?

UNDP 2013

In partnership with the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency, the project aims to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions of the transport sector in Egypt, while simultaneously mitigating the local environmental and traffic congestions problems. This is to be achieved by increasing or sustaining the modal shift to public transport, cycling and walking, discouraging the use of private cars and facilitating freight transportation by more energy efficient truck operations and increasing the share of cargo transported on rail and inland waterways.

 The project is envisaged to achieve this by working with the following sustainable transport concepts:
1) initiating the concept for the development of new, integrated high quality public transport services for Greater Cairo and its satellite cities (to exert shift from car use) and facilitating its effective replication;
2) promoting non-motorized transport in medium sized provincial cities;
3) introducing new traffic demand management measures, with an objective to gradually scale them up over the time;
4) improving the energy efficiency of freight transport; and
5) enhancing the awareness and capacity and strengthening the institutional basis to promote sustainable transport during and after the project in general. These components constitute the core of project activities, around which the project has been built.

What have we accomplished so far?

  • Full design and tendering documents of the non-motorized transport corridor is completed for Fayoum and Shebin el-Kom cities.  Construction has started in Shebin El-Kom has already started and tender will be issued soon for Fayoum Governorate,
  • Variable sign message system is being installed around city center in Cairo to direct car drivers to vacant places in multi-level parking areas
  • Full designs for high-quality bus services to outlying suburbs of Cairo and feeder bus services to Cairo Metro stations have been completed.
  • Determination of emission factors for certain car and taxi models in an urban setting has been complete. These emission factors are essential inputs into a national sustainable transport policy. This is the first such activity in Egypt.

Who finances this project?

Global Environment Facility, the Government of Egypt, United Nations Development Programme

Delivery in previous fiscal year


US$ 360,000


  • Egypt’s primary energy consumption has grown at an average annual rate of 4.6%, primarily from rapid urbanization and associated increases in demand for electricity and transport services.
  • Growing fuel subsidies that are equivalent to USD 20 billion in 2011, estimated to be 20% of Egypt’s state budget and 10% of its GDP exacerbate problems in Egypt’s energy sector. Reduction of such fuel subsidies in Egypt is a sensitive issue that has proven difficult to fully implement.
  • Challenge to simultaneously address rapidly increasing domestic energy demands; declining domestic production of fossil fuels; increasing prices of imported fuels; severe traffic congestion which has further deteriorated the quality of urban life in Egypt; and an increasing awareness of the relationship between fossil fuel consumption and the local and global environments.
  • Government has been clear on it intent to gradually remove fuel subsidies.  This sets the stage for implementing sustainable transport pilots, recognized by government as high priority and as alternatives to mitigate the impact of reduced fuel subsidies as well as improving urban mobility and environmental quality.
Project Overview
Project start date:
Estimated end date:
Geographic coverage:
Greater Cairo and satellite cities
Focus Area:
Environment and Energy
Goal 7: Ensuring environmental sustainability
Project Officer:
Mohamed Bayoumi
Ministry of State for Environmental Affairs (MSEA), Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Housing and New Urban Communities, Ministry of Investment, Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation, General Organization of Physical Planning, Social Fund for Development, Cairo University, NGOs and various governorates
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