6 Develop a global partnership for development

Where do we stand?

Containers at a port

Net transfers of official grants (cash and in- kind) increased during July/March, 2008/2009 against 2007/08. Egypt’s external debt has witnessed considerable improvement over the period (1990/91 -2008/09). External debt as a percent of GDP fell from above 100% in 1990/91 to 16.7% in 2008/09 and debt service as percentage of current account receipts fell from above 25% in 1990/91 to 6% in 2008/09. Egypt’s exports of goods and services have been increasing over the past years from $US 10,452.5 million in 2003/2004 to 25,168.9 in 2008/2009 with growth rate of nearly 140%. Egypt had also witnessed significant development in the last few years in the field of information and communication technology.

 

Targets for MDG8
  1. Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system
    • Developing countries gain greater access to the markets of developed countries
    • Least developed countries benefit most from tariff reductions, especially on their agricultural products
  2. Address the special needs of least developed countries
    • Net Official development assistance (ODA), total and to the least developed countries, as percentage of OECD/DAC donors' gross national income
    • Proportion of total bilateral, sector-allocable ODA of OECD/DAC donors to basic social services (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  3. Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
    • Official development assistance (ODA) received in landlocked developing countries as a proportion of their gross national income
    • ODA received in small island developing States as a proportion of their gross national incomes
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  4. Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries
    • Total number of countries that have reached their HIPC decision points and number that have reached their HIPC completion points (cumulative)
    • Debt relief committed under HIPC and MDRI Initiatives
    • Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services
  5. In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
    • Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis
  6. In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications
    • Telephone lines per 100 population
    • Cellular subscribers per 100 population
    • Internet users per 100 population