6 Ensure environmental sustainability

Where do we stand?

Two little girls drinking water from a tap

Egypt formulated and endorsed the National Environmental Action Plan (NEAP) covering all aspects of sustainable development and established the national committee for sustainable development to operate its plan. Government commitment manifested in issuing the "Framework of the National Strategy for Sustainable Development and Methodology of Preparing the Indicators", and units have been established in key ministries to initiate the development of such indicators.

Progress has been achieved in the areas of expanding forests, rationalizing the management and utilization of natural resources, increasing the proportion of those using improved drinking water sources and sanitation as well as reducing the number od people living in slum areas. However, environmental sustainability remains a challenge that needs coordinated efforts to cope with the prevailing problems resulting from the growing demand on natural resources and the high levels of population growth.

UNDP's work in Egypt

  • Contrast between traditional charcoal production and modern technology

    Cleaner is Better

    Local producers find a lucrative business opportunity in cleaner charcoal production with carbon credits The “black cloud” is the vernacular term that Egyptians have coined tomore

  • The dahshour community helping with the cleaning and awareness campaigns

    The Value of Cultural Heritage

    Raising Awareness about Environmental Protection as a Means of Developing the Tourism Sector in the Dahshour Community Listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Dahshourmore

Targets for MDG7
  1. Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of environmental resources
  2. Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss
    • Proportion of land area covered by forest and proportion of species threatened with extinction
    • CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP)
    • Consumption of ozone-depleting substances
    • Proportion of fish stocks within safe biological limits
    • Proportion of total water resources used
    • Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected
  3. Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
    • Proportion of population using an improved drinking water source
    • Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility
  4. Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020
    • Proportion of urban population living in slums