Achieving the Millennium Development Goals: A Midpoint Assessment (2008)
This follow-up report on achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) for Egypt, the fourth in a series since 2000, gains a special importance as a mid-point assessment that takes into consideration the revised MDG framework approved at the 2005 World Summit, as well as national goals that go beyond the international goals set for all countries. At the national level, and as indicated in this report, Egypt is on the right track to realizing most of the Millennium Development Goals by the set date of 2015, but regional disparities still need to be adequately addressed. The Egyptian government is strongly committed to overcome this major challenge. The last two Five-Year Development Plans covering the period 2002-2012 have given top priority to Upper Egypt, the most deprived region in the country. Indeed, more than one-third of total public investments over the last decade have been allocated to Upper Egypt governorates.
- A ‘poverty map’ has been recently drawn to determine the most vulnerable areas and groups. Based on this map, two innovative programs, ‘Geographic Targeting’ and ‘Supporting Most Vulnerable Families’ have been applied. These programs target the poorest villages and the poorest families in all Egypt, using an integrated and empowering approach based on reallocating resources, public expenditure and policy interventions to reach the neediest people in the poorest areas.
- Geographical targeting and other integrated social policies promise to reduce regional lags and gaps now evident through governorate level analysis, and to ensure the full realization of national MDG goals in all of Egypt.