Egypt’s Progress towards Millennium Development Goals
In September 2000, the United Nations issued the Millennium Declaration adopted by 189 member states, including Egypt, and more than 20 international organisations. The Millennium Declaration aims to achieve the minimum level of development by 2015 through the adoption of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), including 8 key goals: eradication of extreme poverty and hunger; achievement of universal primary education; promotion of gender equality and empower women; reduction of child mortality; improvement of maternal health; combating of HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases; ensuring of environmental sustainability; and development of a global partnership for development.
Like other member states, Egypt has committed to achieve these MDGs within the fifteenyear period following their declaration. The 2015 deadline for the MDGs approaches and the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are planned to be implemented soon. The SDGs will base their priorities and goals on the progress achieved towards the MDGs, the lessons learned from their implementation, and the most important challenges that prevented their achievement. This paper aims to shed light on the progress made by Egypt towards achieving the MDGs, after fourteen years have passed since their declaration.It also focuses on monitoring the impacts of changes witnessed in the country over the past few years on such progress. Moreover, the paper addresses the most important policies and programmes pursued by the State towards the achievement of these goals, as well as the most important challenges that prevented their achievement and the possibilities to overcome them. The paper reviews the SDGs and the most important obstacles that Egypt may face when implementing them, and how to be prepared for them.